Many individuals within the cryptocurrency community prefer liquid staking platforms like Lido over centralized ones. Lidos approach has been to involve a number of node operators to prevent any single group from having excessive control over staked ETH, which helps address concerns about centralization.
However the risk of centralization still remains. If a dominant group of liquidity providers or node operators were to emerge it could create a vulnerability. Even establish a monopoly that goes against the broader interests of the Ethereum community.
Following the Merge and Shanghai updates Ethereum, the worlds most prominent cryptocurrency has experienced an increase in centralization. JPMorgan has expressed concerns about declining staking returns. Another important aspect mentioned in their report is rehypothecation. This complex term refers to using liquidity tokens as collateral in DeFi protocols simultaneously.
DeFi encompasses financial transactions conducted on the blockchain. Issues arise when there is a decline, in the value of a staked asset or when security and protocol problems arise. In circumstances rehypothecation can potentially trigger a series of forced sales that jeopardize the stability of the DeFi system.
The report also highlights that as staking has become more prevalent Ethereums appeal in terms of yields has diminished compared to increasing yields offered by assets.
The overall yield for staking has decreased from 7.3% prior to the Shanghai update to 5.5%.
On a note data gathered in December after the Ethereum Merge update in September 2022 revealed a significant decrease in the networks energy consumption comparable to countries like Ireland and Austria. This reduction aligns with efforts to reduce carbon emissions associated with blockchain technology thus promoting environmental sustainability.
Regarding the Dencun update scheduled for October 2023 Ethereums main developers have put forth the Ethereum Improvement Proposal (EIP 7514). The proposal aims to slow down Ether staking giving the Ethereum community time to establish a viable reward system for those participating in network staking.
ETH Market Update;
Presently Ethereum (ETH) is valued at $1,629 indicating a 3.4% decline, over the course of one week. The Relative Strength Index (RSI) stands at 40.4. ETHs price is currently struggling to maintain its position at $1600 after encountering resistance at $1700. If it fails to sustain above $1600 there is a possibility that the price may further decline towards $1500.